Quick Facts

Minimum monthly wage for apparel workers, Bangladesh

Minimum monthly wage for apparel workers, Bangladesh

Annual global contribution to GDP by the manufacturing sector

Annual global contribution to GDP by the manufacturing sector

Share of global employment by the manufacturing sector

Share of global employment by the manufacturing sector


Center commentary

 

The challenge of globalization is to produce affordable consumer goods in factories where workers are safe and treated with dignity.

Manufacturing is essential to other high value-added sectors and is a major source of employment around the world. Global supply chains link thousands of firms across cultural, political, and economic boundaries. In different industries – apparel, electronics, footwear, food, and toys, among others – the expansion of global supply chains has provided developing countries with much-needed investment, employment, technology, and access to international markets. At the same time, the social and environmental consequences of global supply chains have provoked significant controversies over the role of multinational brands and their local suppliers.


The map includes all 7,000 documented factories in Bangladesh, which represents 65% more factories than previously reported.

The map includes all 7,000 documented factories in Bangladesh, which represents 65% more factories than previously reported.

In December 2015, the Center published an interactive map showing Bangladesh's 7,000 garment factories, shining a bright light on the true nature of the global fashion industry's supply chain. The map and accompanying report, "Beyond the Tip of the Iceberg: Bangladesh's forgotten apparel workers," are the result of a year-long study in which the Center painstakingly poured over official records and followed leads on the ground, including a survey of almost 500 factories.



Read the Center's first report on the apparel supply chain, Business as Usual is Not an Option: Supply Chains and Sourcing after Rana Plaza

Read the Center's first report on the apparel supply chain, Business as Usual is Not an Option: Supply Chains and Sourcing after Rana Plaza

Writing and Advocacy

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Michael Posner serves as Chair of the Board of the Fair Labor Association (FLA) and the Center actively participates in its activities. Founded in 1999, FLA is a collaborative effort of socially responsible companies, colleges and universities, and civil society organizations. It aims to create lasting solutions to abusive labor practices in manufacturing supply chains.

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